Teen in critical condition after police shooting

(CNN)A 14-year-old boy is in critical but stable condition after St. Louis Metropolitan police officers shot him, officials said Sunday.

Officers were investigating a possible carjacking Sunday morning when they encountered the unidentified black teen, St. Louis Metropolitan Police spokeswoman Leah Freeman said in a statement.
    He started to flee, then turned around with a gun drawn and fired at least one shot at the officers, Freeman said.
    “Fearing for their safety,” both officers returned fire, striking the teen, the statement said. He dropped the weapon and continued running until he was taken into custody.
    The gun was found at the scene and is being processed. The incident is being investigated by the department’s Force Investigative Unit, which formed in 2014 to investigate use of deadly force incidents, and the Circuit Attorney’s Office.
    Investigators are searching for any possible surveillance video in the area. The officers were not wearing body cameras and their vehicle did not have a dashboard camera, Police Chief Sam Dotson said in a news conference.
    St. Louis Police officers do not have body cameras, though some sergeants participated in a pilot program testing the technology last year. Law enforcement agencies in the state began experimenting with the technology after the deadly police shooting of 19-year-old Michael Brown in Ferguson, a suburb of St. Louis.
    Per department policy, both officers, who are white men, have been placed on administrative leave.

    Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2016/10/02/us/st-louis-missouri-teen-shot/index.html

    Apple pushes further into health with data available from new Aetna partnership


    Apple CEO Tim Cook speaks about the Apple Watch during an Apple special event at the Apple headquarters on March 21, 2016 in Cupertino, California.
    Image: justin sullivan/Getty Images

    Apple and Aetna both have something to gain from a new partnership that allows Aetna customers to get discounted Apple Watches through their insurance: Your data.

    Aetna customers who opt to purchase Apple Watches through the partnership between the two companies will be sharing their health data with the tech giant and the insurance provider.

    Aetna and Apple announced Tuesday that the insurance provider would be the first to subsidize purchases of the Apple Watch for its customers. Along with its Apple Watch subsidy, Aetna will develop iOS apps around medical care, medical billing, Aetna insurance plans and adherence to medication.

    Those apps, and their pairing with iOS devices, will provide data to both Aetna and Apple, an Aetna spokesman confirmed. Apple declined to comment.

    The data at the aggregate, not individual level will be related to “usage adoption” and “benefits achieved by participants,” Aetna spokesman Ethan Slavin said. He declined to comment on what metrics would be included in those two categories. The data will be shared between both companies.

    Usage adoption likely covers how Aetna customers are using their Apple Watches for health purposes. But benefits achieved could more closely track with particular health data, including health metrics like weight and activity or cholesterol and blood pressure.

    That’s useful information for an insurer to have and more information than some consumers might want to share, even at an aggregate level.

    Data like that could be used to adjust insurance premiums, push new products and services in a more tailored way to individuals and for medical purposes, said Roeen Roashan, a senior analyst for digital health at IHS Markit.

    “Knowing how people sleep, breathe, stay active is good to know for providers,” Roashan said.

    There is some concern, Roashan noted, over whether the use of such trackers should be taken into account when considering a person’s overall health. Some research has questioned the actual health benefits of fitness trackers

    “The security concerns that may have actual health implications can become real if the use of a ‘prescribed’ device directly affects a diagnosis, a dosage of medicine or provides any guidance that has life or death implications,” Roashan added.

    The information is also useful for Apple, which is ramping up its entry into the health space.

    The tech giant has already encouraged health data tracking through its CareKit and ResearchKit frameworks, which provide developers the ability to create iOS apps linked to research or care without building them from scratch. ResearchKit has helped researchers get participants to better track information about themselves for studies, while apps made through CareKit offer similar tracking benefits for users’ own health.

    Apple acquired Gliimpse, a personal health data startup with a similar focus, earlier this year. That was the company’s first known acquisition in the digital health industry.

    Apple has also promoted the Apple Watch as a health-related product, highlighting its water and sweat resistance for exercise at September’s Apple event.

    The US healthcare industry is worth at least $2.8 trillion, according to a report from Deloitte. If Apple can engrain itself further among the insurers, medical providers and consumers who make up those trillions, it opens up a huge market at a time when Apple is facing serious competition from other smartphone makers as well as questions about whether its days of growth are over.

    For Aetna, the partnership also has some financial benefits. Encouraging fitness tracking and healthy behaviors can save the insurer money in the long run even though customers who opt to purchase an Apple Watch won’t be required to use the health apps in any way.

    “Of course Apple will be shipping more Apple Watches, and their footprint in healthcare will grow, but it is Aetna’s engagement with their member that will aid from this partnership,” Roashan said.

    Other insurers have also introduced wearables to their customers, citing similar long-term benefits.

    Cigna gives its customers a 20-to-50 percent discount on FitBits and MisFit wearables. UnitedHealthcare offers its customers at participating employers the Trio Tracker for free through a partnership with health technology company QualComm Life.

    “If we can get people up and moving, we know that has the potential to reduce the prevalence of obesity and diabetes,” UnitedHealthcare spokesman Will Shanley said. “It’s a turnkey way to get wellness integrated into employers’ day-to-day operations.”

    But no other insurers offer the Apple Watch, which does a lot more than track health and activity and carries a significantly heftier price tag than other wearables. Apple Watches range from $269 to more than $1,000, compared to around $100 for most wearables.

    A Cigna spokesman said his company is in constant conversation with most companies working in health technology, which would likely include Apple. Shanley said he couldn’t say which companies UnitedHealthcare has discussed the sector with.

    The Apple Watch models available to Aetna customers will vary by employer, Slavin said. Aetna’s 50,000 employees are the first to be provided with Apple Watches, in their case free of charge. In that scenario, the employees were able to choose from all of Apple’s models.

    For other Aetna customers, the insurer will subsidize a “significant portion” and customers can pay off the rest through monthly payroll deductions. Individuals, not their employers, will be the ones to purchase the Apple Watch. Aetna declined to disclose exactly how much of the Apple Watch it would pay for.

    Read more: http://mashable.com/2016/10/01/aetna-apple-watch-data/

    A year later, Americans are still the only ones who hate chip cards


    US consumers have been fumbling with chip cards for a year now.
    Image: Getty Images

    It’s been a long year. At least, it feels that way if you spent it waiting to pay for things with your chip card.

    One year ago today, regulations surrounding liability for credit card fraud switched to encourage banks and stores to start using EMV (Europay, Mastercard, Visa) technology, also known as chip cards.

    Since the liability shift hit on Oct. 1, 2015, 33 percent of merchants have started accepting chip cards, Mastercard spokesperson for safety and security Beth Kitchener told Mashable. Eighty-eight percent of US-issued Mastercard consumer credit cards are now equipped with EMV chips.

    EMV technology is more secure than the traditional credit card swipe. But U.S. consumers are still complaining about the time it takes to wait for a chip card to process and the confusion over whether to swipe or insert your card.

    Half of consumers think paying with a chip card is slower than swiping a credit card, according to a recent survey by the payment company Cayan. Sixty-two percent of shoppers say they’ve been frustrated in some way while waiting for chip cards to process.

    Cards that use an EMV chip are more secure because each transaction creates a unique code between the chip on a card and the chip inside a card reader. That makes it easier to catch fraud sooner.

    The liability shift last year put the responsibility for fraud on whichever party the bank or the store has more outdated technology. Banks have always been responsible for fraud, and they were quick to send their customers EMV-equipped credit and debit cards to avoid further liability. But stores have been slower to make the jump, even though they can now be held responsible if your credit card information is stolen when you swipe.

    According to Cayan’s survey, only 47 percent of consumers know that improved security is the reason for the switch that has them waiting longer in line while people fumble with their credit cards.

    EMV technology isn’t new. It was introduced in the UK 20 years ago, Kitchener said. The US was the last to get EMV technology because it didn’t have as big a problem with credit card fraud.

    But the other countries who already use chip cards reacted to the transition more smoothly, Kitchener said. Indeed, consumer frustration with chip cards is a uniquely American phenomenon.

    “Nowhere else in the world is in such a hurry to get their coffee while it’s still hot,” Kitchener said. “We never saw that anywhere else.”

    Technically, chip cards only add two or three seconds to the length of a transaction. But instead of putting your card away while a transaction is still processing through a merchant’s software, you’re standing there, staring at a cashier and waiting to remove your card.

    That has some consumers wishing they could go back to non-EMV cards.

    “I absolutely hate the chip cards. I would definitely switch back to swiping my card,” Jasmine Nguyen, 19, told Mashable. Nguyen says she had her credit card information stolen even after getting a chip card, so she doesn’t think the added security is worth the hassle.

    After the liability shift last October, merchants were reluctant to upgrade their systems and risk messing with the holiday season. But as the next holiday season approaches, there’s hope that at least one of the problems with chip cards will be gone by this time next year.

    As more merchants equip their credit terminals to accept chip cards, there will be less confusion about whether to swipe or insert your card. Soon, you’ll just insert it, and swiping will be a thing of the past.

    It will still probably feel like it takes forever, though.

    Read more: http://mashable.com/2016/10/01/emv-chip-cards-anniversary/

    Sexual harassment in STEM: ‘It’s tragic for society’

    (CNN)“Conversations became increasingly sexual and they eventually progressed to physical touching, like skin on skin on my neck.”

    “He would actually come up to where I was staying at the observatory at 11 p.m. at night, and knock on the door and wait on my porch as I would hide under my bed with all of the lights off.”
      “It became clear that he actually wanted a sexual relationship. … He got very drunk and physically separated me from the group.”
      These are the experiences of three women who spoke to CNN about a culture of pervasive sexual harassment in academia, especially in the sciences. They were harassed by different men, throughout different parts of their education and careers.
      “We see it in anthropology, we see it in philosophy, we see it in physics, we see it in the humanities, we see it in the social sciences. We see it in engineering in particular. Astronomy just happened to be, sort of, first” to get attention, said Alessondra Springmann, a rocket scientist at the University of Arizona who studies asteroids and comets.
      Distinguished scientists in the field of astronomy have been making headlines for harassing students they are supposed to be advising.
      And it’s happening at the same time as a nationwide push to get more American women into science careers. Young girls are increasingly encouraged to embrace STEM — the acronym for science, technology, engineering and mathematics — in elementary and middle school.

      Undermining praise, confidence

      A peer-reviewed study of harassment and assault experiences in the scientific field found that 71% of the women surveyed were sexually harassed while conducting fieldwork and 25% were sexually assaulted. The study was published in the journal PLOS ONE.
      “To be told for so much of your life that you are wanted in these fields and then to show up and made to feel profoundly unwelcome, I think is really — it’s a terrible thing we do to people,” Springmann said.
      And it cuts right at their confidence.
      “You question any praise that your work gets because this person said they were praising your work but it was actually a ruse to get you alone,” said Jessica Kirkpatrick, an astrophysicist who works in the private sector.
      Sarah Ballard, who studies planets in other solar systems and has discovered two new worlds, says reflecting on her career fills her with mixed emotions.
      Ballard, now at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, was first harassed as an undergraduate at a different institution and says “it was a pattern that escalated in a way that I couldn’t make sense of at the time because of my youth and innocence.”

      Protecting victims

      U.S. Rep. Jackie Speier of California announced this week she is sponsoring a bill that would force institutions that receive federal grant money to report harassment investigations. She says universities are continuing to cover up the actions of their faculty even as sexual assault and harassment are driving women out of STEM.
      “Many (victims) have left the field and that’s tragic. It’s tragic for society, it’s obviously tragic for the young women who don’t get to pursue their careers and it’s because someone was given the license to conduct themselves in an egregious manner.”
      “If you’re going to use mice in your research, there are all these federal requirements that have to be complied with,” Speier told CNN. “And yet, when it comes to your teaching assistant (there is) no such requirement that you treat them in a humane way.”
      The bill comes nine months after Speier took to the House floor and made a jarring speech exposing an astronomy professor who was accused of sexual harassment but allowed to keep working, and was later hired by another university.
      Universities can be hesitant to fire offenders and lose researchers who bring in federal funding. When a university does take action, harassers are often allowed to leave for another institution with an unblemished record — a practice known in academia as “passing the trash.”
      That’s where Speier’s bill might make a difference. “If someone is discriminating, if someone s a sexual predator, they should not have access to federal dollars. If the grant money dries up for that professor, he’s not going to be as successful at the university. He’s not going to be as sought-after.”
      Often, women are caught in difficult positions — reporting their adviser would mean abandoning their research and years of hard work. It can derail careers before they even start.
      “It would be pretty much impossible to report your adviser for harassing you and then continue to work with them being your thesis adviser,” Kirkpatrick said.
      “When I finally did report it, I was told that nothing could be done about sexual harassment because it just turns into ‘he said she said,'” Springmann said.
      “I also had the comment of, ‘How do you feel about ruining a man’s life?'” Kirkpatrick said.

      The Berkeley case

      “Departments implicitly will dismiss the claims of younger women who are most vulnerable and instead take the word of their older, male, tenured colleague,” said Ballard. She attended Berkeley and was part of the Title IX case against well known astronomer Geoff Marcy.
      Marcy was once held in so much esteem he was considered for a Nobel Prize. He was found responsible by Berkeley in the Title IX case and retired last year following the allegations.
      Marcy released a statement at the time that said, “I never intended to cause distress and I apologize deeply for having done so. I take full responsibility and hold myself accountable for the harm done.”
      Berkeley was harshly criticized for allowing the professor to retire instead of firing him, but the school said tenured professors cannot be fired — and Marcy quit before disciplinary procedures could begin. Berkeley also says it is “taking a comprehensive look at our processes” regarding “sexual harassment and assault cases involving faculty and staff.”
      Marcy’s attorney told CNN in a statement, “Throughout his career, Dr. Marcy has been committed to and been an activist for the advancement of women in science. He has also demonstrated a vigorous and unwavering support of the long overdue efforts to eliminate sexual assault and sexual harassment from all work places, including academia.”
      Speier says she hopes to make a difference by tying grant money to sexual offenses. “I have had it with the culture that allows for sexual harassment to continue to fester,” she said. “It’s sending an important message to universities across the country that you can’t hide and you can’t brush these cases underneath the proverbial rug.”

      Read more: http://www.cnn.com/2016/09/30/us/astronomy-sexual-harassment/index.html

      Prosecutors want worldwide crackdown on online sex trafficking

      International sex trafficking summit hears challenges each nation faces are similar, and victims often unwilling to cooperate with investigators

      Prosecutors from around the world say the fight against sex trafficking is moving online as traffickers use popular websites to advertise sexual services.

      They talked Friday about how they can crack down on the problem at an international sex trafficking summit in Waikiki that drew prosecutors from Asia, the US and Canada.

      The challenges each nation faces are similar, and victims are often unwilling to cooperate with investigators because they have endured a history of abuse, said Jackie Lacey, Los Angeles Countys district attorney.

      Most of this is underground, Lacey said. Its not like in the 80s and 90s where women were on the street. Its all done by social media, cellphones, emails, text messages.

      Michael Ramos, president of the National District Attorneys Association, said he plans to push for legislation in the US to make it illegal to use websites to solicit illegal sex and to hold internet companies accountable for sex trafficking on their platforms.

      There should be some place that says you need to do a better job with the content thats on your promotional site, Ramos said. Its just so easy right now … Instead of having prostitutes out on the corner like they used to in a red light district, now they just go online, they hit a button, and its like ordering a pizza.

      Other law enforcement officers, such as Honolulu prosecutor Keith Kaneshiro, said websites that allow sex ads have helped officers catch traffickers by identifying locations where there is a problem.

      Sonia Paquet, a Canadian prosecutor, talked about how prostitution is illegal but there is little enforcement. She said online reviews of establishments are out in the open, and she pulled up one on her phone.

      If we go on the internet site, we see the girls naked, Paquet said. They are from everywhere around the world.

      Prosecutors from the US, Canada, China, Japan, Palau, the Philippines, South Korea, Taiwan and Thailand attended the summit.

      Read more: https://www.theguardian.com/society/2016/oct/01/prosecutors-want-worldwide-crackdown-on-online