Tag Archives: reconstruction

This Is How 6 Castles Across The UK Looked Before Falling Into Disrepair

There is something wonderful about visiting castles.

As you walk through the ruins, your imagination begins to fill in the blanks about the people who lived there, the history of the place and the architectural details that have been lost. But what if you didn’t need to use your imagination? Luckily, the digital age has given us the tools to recreate the complete picture by rebuilding these incredible castles without any heavy lifting. And that’s what On Stride Financial has done with these mind-blowing reconstructions.

With the help of an architect (and a dose of technology), they’ve brought back to life 6 spectacular castles across the United Kingdom – from Bothwell Castle in Scotland to Kidwelly Castle in Wales.

So jump on a journey back in time to see what has been relentlessly destroyed by time, and by people.

1. Dunluce Castle (County Antrim, Northern Ireland)

Image credits: onstride

Image credits: onstride

Dunluce has one of the most dramatic histories of any UK castle. Built around 1500, it was abandoned as early as 1639. The castle’s kitchen – and kitchen staff – had collapsed over the cliff edge and into the sea as the 2nd Earl of Antrim’s family sat waiting for their dinner.

Two years later, the small town that developed around the castle was razed by the Scots and abandoned. It has now become a valuable archaeological site and the historic footprint of this short-lived settlement is a haunting destination for visitors to the northern tip of Northern Ireland.

Image credits: onstride

2. Dunstanburgh Castle (Northumberland, England)

Image credits: onstride

Image credits: onstride

King Edward II’s most powerful baron, Earl Thomas of Lancaster, built this enormous castle as a show of might when relations soured between the two men. However, the earl was captured and executed before he could enjoy his epic crib.

The castle fell into disrepair after sustaining damage as a battle hotspot during the Wars of the Roses. Today, a walk along the Northumberland Coast in view of Dunstanburgh’s ruins offers a melancholy but awe-inspiring day out.

Image credits: onstride

3. Bothwell Castle (South Lanarkshire, Scotland)

Image credits: onstride

Image credits: onstride

This thirteenth-century castle saw a lot of action through Scotland’s Wars of Independence. It repeatedly swapped hands between the Scots and the English in the wake of fierce battles.

Architecturally, Bothwell is notable for its “cylindrical donjon” (a fortified refuge for the castle’s inhabitants), which was ruined in a series of sieges. Visit on Halloween and you may encounter the ghost of Bonnie Jean, a noblewoman who drowned crossing the River Clyde to elope with her lover.

Image credits: onstride

4. Goodrich Castle (Herefordshire, England)

Image credits: onstride

Image credits: onstride

Goodrich was begun in 1102, and strengthened later that century by the fantastically named Godric Mappestone (from whom the castle probably took its name). It wasn’t until the Civil Wars of 1642-6 that the stronghold would sustain serious damage. Cromwell’s army pelted it with 200-pound balls from Roaring Meg, a cannon built specifically for the purpose.

After the war, the ruined castle was partially dismantled and then abandoned. Thankfully, they’ve since installed a tearoom so visitors can recharge after enjoying the historical exhibits and spectacular views from the parapets.

Image credits: onstride

5. Caerlaverock Castle (Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland)

Image credits: onstride

Image credits: onstride

The UK’s only triangular castle has a triple history: built in the 1280s, it was partially dismantled in the 14th century on the word of Sir Robert Bruce, to prevent it falling into English hands. Once rebuilt, it was again taken apart after being besieged by the Earl of Sussex in 1570. Again rebuilt, a thirteen-week siege during the Bishops War resulted in one last dismantlement; and that is how the castle is to be found today.

But the ruins are awesome. Caerlaverock’s moat, twin-towered gatehouse and lofty battlements are supplemented by an exhibition honouring the castle’s turbulent history.

Image credits: onstride

6. Kidwelly Castle (Dyfed, Wales)

Image credits: onstride

Image credits: onstride

Kidwelly was initially built as a wooden structure as the Normans entered southwest Wales, around 1106. Major stone fortification was added in the final decade of the 1300s, just in time to withstand a five-month siege at the outbreak of the Owain Glyn Dwr rebellion.

The following years of peace diverted the focus to residential building and the grandeur of Kidwelly’s military fortress was allowed to fade. This means that although it’s considered a ruin, Kidwelly is actually one of the best preserved and most awe-inspiring castles in Wales today. Catch a view of it in the morning mist to truly feel you’ve been transported through time.

Image credits: onstride

39Kviews

Read more: http://www.boredpanda.com/ruined-castles-uk-digital-reconstructions-onstride/

Scientists Recreate Faces Of People Who Lived Centuries Ago, And Some May Surprise You

When we look for physical representations of people from the pre-photography past, the only remaining options we have are either the grim skeletal remains or barely detailed and imprecise artistic depictions. Some artists try to reimagine what a certain queen or medieval peasant might’ve looked like, but their vision and imagination is limited to their own times. However, technology has advanced to the levels where we can employ science to accurately depict what people of the past looked like, as if they were alive today.

Bored Panda has compiled a list of various reconstructions that give us a fascinating glimpse into the past. Scroll down to check them out and don’t forget to comment and vote on your favorites!

Bored Panda has compiled a list of various reconstructions that give us a fascinating glimpse of the past. Scroll down to check them out and don’t forget to comment and vote on your favorites!

Henry IV of France was King of France from 1589 to 1610, when we was assassinated by a fanatical Catholic. He was also known as Good King Henry for his great concern about the welfare of his subjects. Philippe Froesch created a CGI 3D forensic facial reconstruction of Henry, using his skull as a base.

Ava was a Bronze-Age woman who died 3,700 years ago. She was found in an unusual grave for her time. Instead of being buried in soil, like others, Ava’s final resting place was carved in solid rock, which suggested that she was special. Scottish archaeologist Maya Hoole and forensic artist Hew Morrison teamed up to recreate Ava’s face using sophisticated software and tissue depth charts.

Back in 2014, archaelogists recovered remains of a man who died about 500 years ago. He was one of 4 sets of skeletons found, all of which showed signs of childhood malnutrition and heavy manual labor, which suggests that all of them were poor. As one of the skulls was well preserved, they used it to reconstruct what the man looked like 500 years ago.

The 2,000 year old mummy known as ‘Meritamun’ was brought back to life using the latest technology. Scientists from the University of Melbourne used her skull to determine that Meritamun was between the ages of 18 and 25, stood about 5 feet 4 inches tall and was anaemic. Unfortunately, they couldn’t find the cause of death since the rest of her body was never recovered. To reconstruct Meritamun’s face, the researchers…

The 2,000 year old mummy known as ‘Meritamun’ was brought back to life using the latest technology. Scientists from the University of Melbourne used her skull to determine that Meritamun was between the ages of 18 and 25, stood about 5 feet 4 inches tall and was anaemic. Unfortunately, they couldn’t find the cause of death since the rest of her body was never recovered. To reconstruct Meritamun’s face, the researchers used medical research, forensic science, computerized tomographic (CT) scanning, 3D printing, Egyptology and art.

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) was a composer and musician of the Baroque period, who is regarded as one of the greatest composers of all time. Scottish anthropologist Caroline Wilkinson took measurements of Bach’s facial bones to recreate a 3D image of what the composer’s face must’ve looked like.

Copernicus was one the brightest Renaissance-era mathematicians and astronomers, who formulated a model of the universe that placed the Sun rather than the Earth at the center of the universe. He died at the age of 70. A Polish forensic team reconstructed this face from his remains.

The reconstruction of an early Neolithic man’s head was based on the skeleton of an adult male excavated in 1863, in Winterbourne Stoke, Wiltshire. Experts used skeletal analysis to recreate what a slender man in his 40’s looked like about 5,500 ago, 500 years before the first monument at Stonehenge was built.

DNA tests revealed that a mummy known as “the Younger Lady” is the sister of Akhenaten (Tut’s father) and mother of Tutankhamun. While its identity hasn’t been fully determined, many believe that the remains belong to Queen Nefertiti, Akhenaten’s Great Royal Wife. Paleoartist Élisabeth Daynès used the scan of “the Younger Lady” to reconstruct a bust of the Egyptian queen.

Maximilien de Robespierre was a French politician and lawyer, best known for his role in the French Revolution (1789 – 1799) and the Reign of Terror. He was executed by guillotine on July 28, 1794 at the age of 36.

Scientists used his death mask, as well as historical records detailing Robespierre’s medical history to reconstruct his face and determine the illnesses he suffered.

Several clinical signs were described by contemporary witnesses:…

Maximilien de Robespierre was a French politician and lawyer, best known for his role in the French Revolution (1789 – 1799) and the Reign of Terror. He was executed by guillotine on July 28, 1794 at the age of 36.

Scientists used his death mask, as well as historical records detailing Robespierre’s medical history to reconstruct his face and determine the illnesses he suffered.

Several clinical signs were described by contemporary witnesses: vision problems, nose bleeds (“he covered his pillow of fresh blood each night”), jaundice (“yellow colored skin and eyes”), asthenia (“continuous tiredness”), recurrent leg ulcers, and frequent facial skin diseases associated with scars of a previous smallpox infection. Historians speculate that he suffered from sarcoidosis. He also had permanent eye and mouth twitching. The symptoms worsened between 1790 and 1794. The day before his beheading, Robespierre suffered a firearm wound to the jaw in dubious circumstances.

Jane was a young girl (14-years-old) who was eaten by her 17th century Jamestown co-settlers. Her mutilated skull and severed leg bone were found in 2012, among butchered animal bones and other food remains, in a Jamestown cellar. Dr. Douglas Owsley, chief forensic anthropologist at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History, examined the bones and determined that the cuts and marks on them were from an attempt to…

Jane was a young girl (14-years-old) who was eaten by her 17th century Jamestown co-settlers. Her mutilated skull and severed leg bone were found in 2012, among butchered animal bones and other food remains, in a Jamestown cellar. Dr. Douglas Owsley, chief forensic anthropologist at the Smithsonian Institution’s National Museum of Natural History, examined the bones and determined that the cuts and marks on them were from an attempt to seperate tissue and brain from the bones. Owsley concluded that it was a case of cannibalism as marks were consistent with other cases of cannibalism and the fact that the people of Jamestown were starving during the winter of 1609-1610.

This individual who lived 700 years ago was dubbed Context 958 by the researchers who have pieced this man’s life and face together by analyzing his bones and teeth. Context 958 is part of the University of Cambridge’s wider research aiming to understand how people lived and died back medieval times. “Context 958 was probably an inmate of the Hospital of St John, a charitable institution which provided food and…

This individual who lived 700 years ago was dubbed Context 958 by the researchers who have pieced this man’s life and face together by analyzing his bones and teeth. Context 958 is part of the University of Cambridge’s wider research aiming to understand how people lived and died back medieval times. “Context 958 was probably an inmate of the Hospital of St John, a charitable institution which provided food and a place to live for a dozen or so indigent townspeople,” said, John Robb, member of the research team. The team has also determined that he was around the age of 40 when he died and lived a hardworking life, based on the wear and tear marks on his skeleton.

Richard III of England was King of England between 1483 and 1485. He was a prominent figure during the Wars of Roses and the Battle of Bosworth Field where he died. This was the last decisive battle of the conflict between the families of Lancaster and York. He was 32 at the time of his death. His remains were lost for more than 5 centuries (as they were believed to have…

Richard III of England was King of England between 1483 and 1485. He was a prominent figure during the Wars of Roses and the Battle of Bosworth Field where he died. This was the last decisive battle of the conflict between the families of Lancaster and York. He was 32 at the time of his death. His remains were lost for more than 5 centuries (as they were believed to have been thrown into the River Soar) only to be discovered in 2012, on a city council car park in Leicester. They used the skull and DNA samples to make a 3D reconstruction of his face. A computer app was used to add muscle tissue to the scan of the skull and the result was then made into a plastic model.

Mary Stuart was Queen of Scotland between 1542 and 1567 and she was only 6 days old when she acceded to the throne. She spent her last 18 years in custody of Queen Elizabeth of England after which Mary was found guilty of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth in 1586 and executed. She was 44 at the time of her execution. Experts from the University of Dundee compiled all the available portraits…

Mary Stuart was Queen of Scotland between 1542 and 1567 and she was only 6 days old when she acceded to the throne. She spent her last 18 years in custody of Queen Elizabeth of England after which Mary was found guilty of plotting to assassinate Elizabeth in 1586 and executed. She was 44 at the time of her execution. Experts from the University of Dundee compiled all the available portraits of Mary Stuart to recreate a 3D image of what she would’ve looked like during her reign.

Saint Anthony of Padua was a Catholic priest who was born in 1195, to a wealthy family in Lisbon, Portugal. He died at the age of 35 in Padua, Italy. As his contemporaries recognized his devotion and love to the poor and the sick, as well as his powerful preaching, Anthony was one of the most quickly canonized saints in church history. He is the patron saint of lost things. In…

Saint Anthony of Padua was a Catholic priest who was born in 1195, to a wealthy family in Lisbon, Portugal. He died at the age of 35 in Padua, Italy. As his contemporaries recognized his devotion and love to the poor and the sick, as well as his powerful preaching, Anthony was one of the most quickly canonized saints in church history. He is the patron saint of lost things. In 2014, forensic researchers at the University of St. Anthony of Padua teamed up to recreate his facial image from a digital copy of his skull. They used the latest 3D program to reconstruct Anthony’s features in what they believe to be “one of the most faithful reconstructions of the face of St. Anthony.â€

This lady is one of the 400 people found in South Leith Parish Church graveyard, which was excavated during preparation work for Edinburgh Trams in 2009. They date back to 16th century. Experts have analyzed the remains and determined that her age was between 25-and 35, her height was 4ft 11 which is 4 centimetres shorter than the average height of a medieval woman in the found population.

Arish lived in Carthage (modern day Tunisia) 2,500 years ago and he was 19 to 24 years old when he died. Researchers used criminal investigation techniques and dermoplasty to reconstruct what Arish looked like when he was alive.

Mary Rose was a warship of the English Tudor navy of King Henry VIII, that sank in 1545 while leading an attack on the French fleet. 500 years later the ship and most of her crew were recovered and scientists examined the remains. While algae and other growth made it difficult to analyze the skeletons, the research team were able to identify quite a lot of this particular archer….

Mary Rose was a warship of the English Tudor navy of King Henry VIII, that sank in 1545 while leading an attack on the French fleet. 500 years later the ship and most of her crew were recovered and scientists examined the remains. While algae and other growth made it difficult to analyze the skeletons, the research team were able to identify quite a lot of this particular archer. They determined his role in the ship as a man wielding a long-bow, as well as his height – 6 feet. They also created a 3D print of his skull which was later used to reconstruct his face.

Robert Burns (1759 – 1796) was a Scottish poet and lyricist known for such works as “Auld Lang Syne” and “The Battle of Sherramuir”. He died at the age of 37 in Dumfries, Scotland. Researchers used his skull to recreate a 3D reproduction to bring Burns back to life.

John de Strivelyn (also known as John Stirling) was a medieval Scottish knight who died in 1378. His remains were found at Stirling Castle, beneath a lost 12th-century royal chapel. The University of Dundee worked on John’s remains to recreate a three-dimensional image of what he looked like. They used the latest digital scanning and replication techniques and the final result was painted by a medical artist.

Robert I was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329, as well as one of the most famous warriors of his generation. He led forces against England in the First War of Scottish Independence and succeeded in regaining Scotland’s place as an independent country. To this day, Robert the Bruce is regarded as a national hero in Scotland. In 2016, historians at the University of Glasgow teamed up…

Robert I was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329, as well as one of the most famous warriors of his generation. He led forces against England in the First War of Scottish Independence and succeeded in regaining Scotland’s place as an independent country. To this day, Robert the Bruce is regarded as a national hero in Scotland. In 2016, historians at the University of Glasgow teamed up with Liverpool’s John Moores University to reconstruct Robert’s face as the visual depictions of the King were scarce. They used casts from what is believed to be the skull of Robert to make a 3D represenation. Although there is some uncertainty whether the skull truly belongs to King Robert, historians are reasonably confident it’s his skull.

Read more: http://www.boredpanda.com/historical-faces-reconstructed/